Monday, June 29, 2009


Busuuti/Gomesi aka gomes is the official dress for women in Buganda. The busuuti/gomesi is very elaborate, with a square neck adorned with two buttons, pointy sleeves, full skirt, and a huge sash. There are many historical contradictions about the origin of the busuuti/gomesi. Contemporary history indicates that the it was originally made for Gayaza schoolgirls in around 1940s and 50s. Their first school uniform was a cotton sheet, which they wrapped around their breasts and tied to the waist with a strip of cloth. But the uniform often slipped off whenever the girls bent down to dig. Their missionary tutors thought it was indecent for a woman to expose her breasts. So, they had an Indian tailor sew out the busuuti/gomesi. Two decades later, the gomesi became a popular outfit at all traditional functions for the Baganda and later the Basoga, Iteso, Alur and Japadhola.

But some people, especially the Baganda, dispute this version of history and say the busuuti/gomesi existed long before the coming of the missionaries and that missionaries only improved the existing design made from bark cloth and changed the name to claim the discovery.

The women of the groom's clan line up for the procession

The men of the groom's clan line up for the procession into the future in-law's compound. The men are wearing Kanzu

She-goat given to the bride's parents

Photos by Sarah

The busuuti/gomesi is usually worn during festivals and ceremonial occasions. For example during the engagement ceremony Kwanjula, weddings and funerals. The bussuti/gomesi is worn more often as a day to day garment by women in rural parts of Uganda.

Young women prefer contemporary garments because the busuuti/gomesi does not enhance their feminine body curves and hips as they would prefer. To the point where it is alleged that some women stuff blankets underneath the busuuti/gomesi to enhance their curves and hips.

ALICIA KEYS The singer, an ambassador for the HIV/AIDS organization Keep a Child Alive, which provides medication, nutrition and childcare throughout six African countries, visited the Masaka Healthcare Center in Uganda, donning a "gomesi," the country's traditional dress.


Tracing the Origin f the Gomesi/Busuuti

Should we have a national dress?

Photo by Lukas Vermeer

Traditional Marriages in Uganda: Marriages in Buganda- Kwanjula

Saturday, June 27, 2009


Hans Silvester-This is Africa through my Lens

Hans Silvester, born in 1938 in Lorrach, Germany is an acclaimed award winning photographer who has published numerous photography books, including Les Peuples de l’Omo, Abrams' Horses of the Camargue, Desert Eves: An Indian Paradise, and H2O: The Beauty & Mystery of Water.

The people of the Surma and Mursi tribes live in the Omo Valley of Southern Ethiopia are body painters: they paint their bodies with pigments made from the earth as an immemorial and quotidian practice – mothers paint babies, children and adults paint themselves and each other in a tradition that seems unchanged for thousands of years. Their paintings range from abstract designs of circles, lines, dots and swirls, sometimes focused on specific body parts, to all-over patterns of flowers, zig-zags and fingerprints that form a dazzling array on the entire body. White, yellow, orange and ochre; the natural pigments that they use are derived from the soil and rocks of their surroundings. The tribes’ daily paintings are an essential expression of their lives – more elemental to them than music or dance. Fascinated by the Surma and Mursi tribes’ painting practices and astounded by the beauty of their ephemeral art, Silvester captures the diverse and extraordinary effects that they achieve through their ancient tradition.
Source Malborough Gallery


In this ambitious work, Hans Silvester turns his photographic eye toward ancient Africa, the birthplace of humanity. Silvester was essentially adopted by his subjects during his travels, and his stunning color photographs present a rare, intimate view of their world.

The first volume of this deluxe two-volume set presents the everyday lives of the Omo people, their rituals, parades, children’s games, and even their battles. In the second volume, each photograph becomes a masterpiece of abstract art, revealing close-ups of the tribes’ traditional body paintings. Silvester’s accompanying text traces his journey to the Horn of Africa, revealing the fascinating beauty of a world now in danger of extinction.

Friday, June 12, 2009


Nicholas Frank 'Nicky' Oppenheimer
"I am an African. I live there and my children live there and as far as I understand they intend to go on living there."

Nicholas Frank 'Nicky' Oppenheimer,born June 8, 1945, Johannesburg South Africa is the Chairman of the De Beers Group and as such Chairman of De Beers sa, De Beers Consolidated Mines and De Beers Centenary AG. He is also a non-executive director of Anglo American plc.

Nicky Oppenheimer was educated at Harrow School and Christ Church, Oxford, where he read Politics, Philosophy and Economics.

Nicky Oppenheimer joined the Anglo American Corporation in 1968 as the Personal Assistant to the Chairman, and worked subsequently in the Gold and Diamond Divisions of the Corporation. He spent eighteen months in the London office of De Beers before returning to Johannesburg in 1975 to join the Gold Division.

"Mining ‐ a trade I know well ‐ is a high risk business, demanding very deep pockets, large amounts of upfront capital and very long time horizons It can take up to US$1 billion and nearly a decade to bring a diamond mine on stream. A deep shaft goldmine can take up to 20 years to reach operational maturity. It is understandable, therefore, that responsible mining companies and investors require a matching long term commitment from Government to reduce the non‐mining risk. I don’t believe it is an onerous commitment, for its requirements can be summed up in three words: clarity, certainty and transparency. And these need to be the hallmarks of mining legislation 9 subject, not to political whim or ministerial discretion, but to the courts. ... Once governments create and sustain a stable and predictable legislative environment and so attract the right sort of investors, those who will commit for the long term, the rewards are manifold and long lasting."
Source: Nicky Oppenheimer, Chairman of De Beers, "Africa needs a hand-up not a hand-out" at The International Institute For Strategic Studies

Nicky Oppenheimer was appointed a director of Anglo American Corporation in 1974 and a director of De Beers in 1978. In 1981 he was appointed a member of the Executive Committee of the board of Anglo American Corporation and became Deputy Chairman in 1983. He subsequently resigned as Deputy Chairman in 2001 but remains a non-executive director of the Anglo American board.

In 1984 Nicky Oppenheimer was appointed Deputy Chairman of the then Central Selling Organisation (now Diamond Trading Company) in London and Deputy Chairman of De Beers Consolidated Mines in 1985. He was appointed Chairman of the Diamond Trading Company in 1985.

In 1990 he was appointed Deputy Chairman of the newly formed Swiss based company, De Beers Centenary AG. Nicky Oppenheimer became Chairman of the De Beers Group on 1 January 1998.

In 2003, a Doctorate in Technology, honoris causa was bestowed upon him by the Technikon Witwatersrand in South Africa. Nicky Oppenheimer is the first recipient of such an honorary doctorate by the Technikon to a person in the public and private sector.

In 2004 Nicky Oppenheimer received the Presidential Order of Honor from His Excellency the President of the Republic of Botswana, Mr. Festus Gontebanye Mogae.

Nicky Oppenheimer is married to Orcillia 'Strilli' Lasch and are blessed with one son Jonathan. His interests are reading crime novels, relaxing with his dogs and playing cricket.
Source:De Beers Group

Strilli Oppenheimer Nicky's Wife and a proud African
I came across this interview Strilli did ...I was impressed and humbled by some of her responses

Who do you share your house with? My husband and my two dogs, Jamludi and Mpevu.

Before dedicating all my time to the environment, I ... was a Montessori teacher for 30 years.

What’s the ugliest thing about your city? The advertising on every street pole and corner. It creates so much “noise” because it drags your attention to it whether you like it or not.

Where do you eat out? I eat out about three times a year. And, when I do, I usually go to Yamato in Illovo.

My creature comforts are ... definitely a hot bath.

How do you get around? In a Toyota Prius.

When people realise what my surname is ... they ask me how it’s spelt.

Pets are ... my children. My two dogs are actually from North Congo and South Sudan.

What made you agree to open up the gardens to the public? I think that one should share one’s privilege.

Why have you chosen not to leave South Africa? I am an African and I love South Africa.

What is the one luxury that you believe in? Being able to read. Another is being in good health.

I can’t go a day without ... doing tai chi with my staff. We have a master who comes around five days a week.

If you had R100-million to spend any way you saw fit, what would you do with it? I would teach as many people as possible how to grow organic vegetables. When people grow their own food, not only can they feed themselves, but their self-confidence rises.

What CDs are you playing in your car? I like Sibongile Khumalo’s music. I also love choral music by Mzilikazi Khumalo.

If your house caught fire, what would you save? My two dogs.

If you could move one of the world’s landmarks to your city, which one would it be? I would either move one of the Swiss mountains to Johannesburg, even though it would look quite strange. Or I would transform the entire city into the Serengeti plain.

If you could live in any other city in the world, which one would it be? Mumbai. I’m so sad about the attacks. It’s one of my favourite places.

Do you think philanthropy is important? Yes, privileged people have a responsibility towards those who have less.

When I go out at night ... it’s to the Linder Auditorium to listen to music. I go to the movies about three times a year. The last time I visited a cinema, I went to see Kung Fu Panda with all my staff. We loved the movie because we all do tai chi.

I collect ... less than I used to; I’m more prone to giving things away these days.

My friends and I like ... nature.

Perfect happiness is ... loving God.

Have you ever taken public transport in your city? Yes, but a very long time ago. I used to take the bus to school on Oxford road and the experience was fine.

I met my partner ... at a golf course. We’ve just had our 40th wedding anniversary.

Source: The Times South Africa December 2008

Jonathan Oppenheimer, Nicky's son and heir apparent to the De Beers Dynasty

Jonathan & Jennifer Oppenheimer greeting President Kagame at AAI awards dinner

Below are some interesting snippets from Nicky Oppenheimer's various speeches advocating the African development agenda.

"we all need to celebrate today – Africa Day. This celebration is an important moment for our continent, the day of the founding of the OAU in 1963, ... The OAU has evolved in to the African Union but the day remains as important, a celebration of African unity. We must never forget that African is populated by lions that operate as a pride in comparison with the Asian tigers who tend to be individual animals. Only if the lions of Africa work together will we be able to feed ourselves and our families."

Nicky Oppenheimer: Renewing Africa’s Competitive Spirit: Lessons and Opportunities from the Global Economic Crisis Nicky Oppenheimer, Chairman at De Beers speaking at the African Day celebrations at the African Union Headquarters in Addis Ababa May 25, 2009.

First, I may not look it, but I am an African and proud to be so. Indeed a third generation African married to a fourth generation African, and with grandchildren who extend my family’s connection to the continent to the sixth generation. And, because I am an African, I claim the right to say that Africa does not exist simply to make people in this country ‐ or indeed anywhere else in the developed world ‐ feel good about themselves. It is much more than just a suitable case for charity.

Africa is not a place only of appalling poverty and deprivation, of uncaring despots and wars of unimaginable cruelty, as the public perception would have us believe. The emblem of this Africa is the starving child with a belly swollen by malnutrition and huge eyes covered with flies, a child whose plight demands our attention and rightfully commands our charity. But, in a continent of nearly 700 million people, 50 very different countries and hundreds of different languages, there is also another Africa, vibrant and full of potential that also demands recognition. The countries of Africa may seek a Pan‐African voice through the African Union and sport a number of regional and sub‐regional multi‐lateral organisations, but the dreadful civil wars of the Congo, Liberia, Sierra Leone and the Great Lakes region are no more symptomatic of Africa than the troubles which plagued the Balkans in the 90s were symptomatic of Europe. Africa is much more than simply a handy metaphor for poverty and we do my continent a great injustice when we use it as such. Africa is much more than a palliative for those Western consciences pricked by sweeping generalisations of how much Africans need help.

There are countries in Africa where people are taking their future into their own hands, where success is beginning to supplant simple survival as a suitable goal in life; where innovation and the entrepreneurial spirit is alive and well and flourishing, albeit often in the most difficult conditions. There are countries whose governments acknowledge the Rule of Law, the demands of transparency and fiscal prudence, who govern in the interests of all their people, not only the elite few, and who have recognised that business, not aid, is the spur to growth. There are some whose economic management has secured double digit growth rates and there is one I know particularly well which is recognised by Transparency International as not only the least corrupt country in Africa, but one of the least corrupt in the world. And in these countries success has been achieved either without the benefit of aid, or in spite of it. Sadly and inexplicably, these success stories seldom register on the public radar screen and appear to be of little or no interest to departments of overseas development. This is insulting to those African countries that set such a good example for others to follow. Instead of being largely ignored by governments, civil society and the media, these success stories should surely be celebrated.

The donor community, however, finds it easier to see and portray Africa as a whole, rather than to draw a proper distinction between very disparate countries. Some, certainly, are wracked by civil war, destroyed by corruption and rapacious leaders; but there are those which have thrown off the mental shackles of colonialism and decades of post‐colonial misrule, and whose people are demanding the benefits of democracy. There are some like South Africa, Botswana, Mauritius, and Ghana which have established themselves as proud countries increasingly, or completely, independent of aid and with a clear and distinctive voice in the councils of the world.

We have heard a great deal in recent years about donor fatigue. In this year of Tony Blair’s Commission for Africa, of Millennium Development Goals and Gordon Brown’s campaign to cancel Africa’s debt, and of international campaigns to “make poverty history”, donor fatigue appears to have been cured ‐ at least temporarily. May I suggest, however, that people in many African countries may be suffering from donation fatigue? It’s probably a surprising thought, but many are growing increasingly weary of being seen merely as recipients of Western largesse, especially largesse which expands dependence on the donor, or makes them hostage to the passions and prejudices of foreign NGOs. They may not admit this openly. After all, no one is going to look a large Western gift horse in the mouth. But that does not mean that they do not feel resentment at being seen simply as a charity case, offering easy balm to Western consciences. And they have learned to distrust the missionary zeal with which ‐ at depressingly regular intervals ‐ new generations of Western politicians “discover” Africa as a suitable case for treatment, a means of ascending the moral high ground as their domestic political fortunes and timing demand. This zeal to “save Africa” is not new. Generations of missionaries from Europe and America have yielded to that impulse, with not always benign results. I recall Archbishop Desmond Tutu’s immortal quote:

“When white men came to Africa, they had the Bible and we had the land. They taught us how to pray. When we opened our eyes; we had the Bible and they had the land”.


Western politicians and commentators should not be surprised, therefore, at the irritated insistence of African leaders that African problems require African ownership of the solutions if they are going to be solved at all; if once again, the developed world’s boundless charity is not to meet with boundless failure. For equally depressing is the fact that when it comes to Africa, Western Governments appear to have only one answer: aid, and aid in monstrously vast amounts. But aid is the one commodity Africa has never been short of, and it has failed dismally time and time again.

Source:Nicky Oppenheimer, Chairman of De Beers, "Africa needs a hand-up not a hand-out" address at The International Institute For Strategic Studies